Marine Mammal Care Center Los Angeles collaborates with scientists from around the country to conduct non-invasive research.

Post Release Monitoring is conducted using externally attached satellite tags.

Scientific Publications

Prager KC, Grieg DJ, Alt DP, Galloway RL. Hornsby RL, Palmer L, Soper J, Wu Q, Zuerner RL, Gulland FM, Lloyd-Smith JO. Asymptomatic and chronic carriage of Leptospira interrogans serovar Pomona in California sea lion (Zalophus californianus). Vet Microbiol 2013 May 31;164(1-2):177-83.doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.01.032.Epup2013 Feb 4.

Wael KA, Smodlaka H, Leach-robinson L, Palmer L, Skin histology and its role in heat dissipation in three pinniped species. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2012, 54:46. doi:10.1186/1751-0147-54-46

Smodlaka H, Khamas W, Tkalcic S,  Golub T, Palmer L, Histological Assessment of Selected Blood Vessels of the Phocid Seals (Northern Elephant and Harbour Seals). Anatomia Histologia Embryologia Journal of Veterinary Medicine. Jan 2010: 1-8. doi:10.111/j.1439-0264.2010.00994.x

Lloyd-Smith J O, Grieg DJ,  Ghneim G , Hietala S, Palmer L,  St. Leger  J, Grenfell B, Gulland FMD, Cyclical changes in seroprevalence of leptospirosis in California sea lions: endemic and epidemic disease in one host species? BMC Infectious Diseases 2007; 7: 125.

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